Method/Source: Compiled based on research by the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, the Liaison Committee on Medical Education, and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine. The score for this indicator is calculated by taking the total number of medical schools that do not require terminal animal laboratories, as a proportion of all medical schools in the U.S.
Proportion of medical schools that do not require terminal animal labs
Discussion: For the reasons noted above, it is important to measure the use of animals in education. Of the 162 accredited or provisionally accredited medical schools in the U.S., 91% do not require any form of terminal animal lab. This proportion has increased by 2% in just one year, from 2011 to 2012. That the accredited medical degree granting institutions in the U.S. typically do not require terminal animal labs and the trend is to continue removing animal labs acknowledges that such labs are an unnecessary tool for teaching biology, anatomy, and normal medical procedures. As such, the goal is for the total eradication of terminal animal labs in medical schools. This also supports the more general goal of removing animal labs from secondary education models.
The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine provides a list of all medical schools (both M.D. and osteopathic) that do not require live animal labs. This list was compared against the Liaison Committee on Medical Education database of U.S. medical schools and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine of U.S. osteopathic schools. Schools that were not accredited or whose accreditation was on probation were excluded; schools with provisional accreditation were included. Schools located in Puerto Rico were also excluded, as all other metrics in this study are based on data pertaining to the 50 U.S. states.
Total number of osteopathic and medical schools in the United States were obtained from American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine and Liaison Committee on Medical Education, respectively.
Last updated in December 2012.